EVOLUTION OF INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE
The ancient human society was nomadic society. There was only perhaps a herd-instinct type of marital relationship before the dawn of civilization .With the passage of time, the nomadic human beings evolved into an agricultural society. Then, it was essential to know or ascertain the paternity of the children. So as long as the sex relationship remained unregulated .It was maternity alone which could be know, paternity remained unregulated.
It is logical to say that at some stage of human development the necessity arouse for demarcating human possession and ownership of material belongings as a natural consequence of human and the males seized to the idea of knowing there children.This was not possible if the proximity continues to be the rule.If sex relationship could be made exclusive union of man and women onlythen it was possible to define the paternity.Thus , it seems the man’s quest to know the paternity of children lie the seed of institution of marriage .
The concept of marriage – a sort of man women relationship, a responsible union of one to one in a society evolved a unique family system.It’s essential components were living together, procreation of children and intercourse .Mutual obligations and responsibility to care the offsprings.
The traditional Hindu family was an institution of joint family system characterised by homogenous togetherness.That of parents, grandparents, sons, daughters, there spouses and even there uncle and aunts.There was a distinct family identity with each member knowing his or her roots. the institution of marriage gives respectability to women, enhances there personal happiness and welfare, provides family support and companionship.Conjugal fidelity was supremely practiced in a sacramental form.
Whereas, in muslim, parsi, jew marriage is considered as a contract more than a sacramental bond.It is a contract made for continuing of generations, giving birth and rearing the children.